What is CBD?
CBD stands for cannabidiol and is one of over 100 known phytocannabinoids that naturally occur in cannabis plants. It’s also one of the most prolific cannabinoids found in hemp plants. CBD has very low THC – 0.3% or less – which is why CBD doesn’t make people feel high. In fact, CBD can actually counteract the euphoric/high feeling caused by THC. CBD continues to gain popularity as studies reveal its potential benefits for human health.
Click here to watch a video with a complete overview of CBD, what it is and how it works.
What is a cannabinoid?
What is a Phytocannabinoid?
What is an endocannabinoid?
What is Hemp?
Hemp, sometimes called industrial or agricultural hemp, comes from the non-psychoactive varieties of Cannabis sativa L, which have 0.3% or less of THC. Hemp is similar to marijuana, in that they come from the same plant family (Cannabis) but are genetically distinct and are different in their use, chemical makeup and cultivation methods. Sort of like lemons and oranges are both citrus fruits.
Read more about the differences between hemp and marijuana here.
What is cannabis?
What's the difference between hemp and marijuana?
Just as lemons and oranges are both citrus fruits, hemp and marijuana come from the same plant family, but are different in their genetic makeup, use, and cultivation.
Some key differences:
- Hemp contains a negligible amount of THC, but is higher in CBD. It’s used in foods, dietary supplements, skin products, clothing and paper.
- Marijuana is generally grown to have higher levels of THC, the psychoactive compound that gets you high. Marijuana generally has lower levels of CBD.
To learn more about the differences between hemp and marijuana, check out this blog post.
Is CBD from hemp as good as CBD from marijuana?
As far as your body’s concerned, CBD is CBD, regardless of whether it comes from marijuana or hemp as the molecules look the same, just as Vitamin C molecules would look the same extracted from oranges or rosehips. It’s important to keep in mind that hemp and marijuana are different subspecies of the same plant, Cannabis sativa L. A defining characteristic that makes hemp different from marijuana is its low volume of THC (<0.3%).
Learn more about the differences between hemp and marijuana here.
What does CBD do in the body?
CBD works within your body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS helps to regulate a variety of processes like eating, sleeping, relaxation, recovery and cognition. It’s like your body’s operating system. CBD acts upon receptors in the ECS as well as limiting the breakdown of anandamide (often called the bliss molecule). In doing so, CBD can help your ECS function at its best.
Learn more about the ECS and Anandamide by watching one of our fun, fast and free videos here.
What is the ECS?
The ECS, sometimes referred to as the “Master Control System,” is made up of receptors on cell membranes that regulate a variety of processes including eating, sleeping, relaxation and cognition. The ECS also assists in the body’s overall recovery and repair. Our bodies naturally produce compounds called endocannabinoids (endo=inside) that bind to those receptors. CBD hemp oil is a plant-based cannabinoid – or phytocannabinoid (phyto=plant) – that acts upon cell receptors in a similar way to help activate the ECS. Learn more about the ECS by watching our fun, seven-minute video here.
What is a CB1 Receptor?
What is a CB2 Receptor?
What the heck is Anandamide?
I keep hearing about the bliss molecule - what is it?
What is the Entourage Effect?
The entourage effect is when the various compounds of a full spectrum CBD hemp oil are combined, their benefit is greater than what you’d receive from each individual component. This is also what we call synergy: the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. There are over 100 identified compounds in the cannabis plant. While most of these compounds have their own therapeutic benefits, they combine synergistically* to provide far better results.
To learn more about the entourage effect, check out this blog post.
*Br J Parmacol. 2011 Aug; 163(7): 1344-1364. Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects. E B Russo
What are terpenes?
Terpenes are compounds found in the essential oils produced by many plants (what makes a lemon smell like a lemon), including cannabis. Terpenes bond with cannabinoids, leveraging one another creating synergistic effects, otherwise known as the entourage effect. Different combinations of terpenes and cannabinoids have different effects.
Learn more about terpenes by watching our fun, four-minute video here.
What is THC?
What is Full Spectrum?
Full spectrum is all the good things you get from a plant. The good things come from a wide range of cannabinoids, terpenes, antioxidants, nutrients and other plant compounds present in the hemp plant. It can provide a greater effect than CBD alone as all the cannabinoids work together, as nature intended, in what is known as the entourage effect. A recent study from Israel has documented the superior therapeutic properties of whole-plant (full spectrum) cannabis extract over single-molecule (isolate) cannabidiol (CBD)*.
Learn more about full spectrum CBD by watching our fun, eight-minute video here.
*Br J Parmacol. 2011 Aug; 163(7): 1344-1364. Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects. E B Russo
*Gallily,R., Yekhtin, Z. and Hanuš, L.O. (2015) Overcoming the Bell-Shaped Dose – Response of Cannabidiol by Using Cannabis Extract Enriched in Cannabidiol. Pharmacology & Pharmacy, 6, 75-85. http:dx.doi.org/10.4236/pp.2015.62010
Is broad spectrum CBD the same as full spectrum CBD?
Broad spectrum is NOT the same as full spectrum. Broad spectrum is typically used to describe products that do contain some terpenes and cannabinoids, but don’t contain the full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes that could be extracted from the hemp plant. In many cases, products labeled “broad spectrum” are those in which all THC (a beneficial phytocannabinoid) has been removed.
What is CBD isolate?
What are the benefits of CBD hemp oil?
CBD has been the subject of many peer reviewed medical studies* in regard to various aspects of human health. However, due to DSHEA (Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994) guidelines, we cannot specifically state conditions CBD may address. We encourage you to do your own research, consult with healthcare providers familiar with CBD, and use PubMed.gov as a resource as newly published research is coming out in real time.
- Phytotherapy Research27 No. 5(2013): 633-636, Cannibidiol in Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Authors: G. Esposito, D.D. Filippis, C. Cirillo, T. Iuvone, E. Cappocia, C. Scuderi, A. Steardo, R. Cuomo, L Steardo.
- Journal of the American College of Cardiology56 No. 25(Dec. 14, 2010): 2115, Cannibidiol Attenuates Cardiac Dysfunction, Oxidative Stress, Fibrosis, Inflammatory and Cell DeathSignaling Pathways in Diabetic Cardiomyopathy. Authors: M. Rajesh, et al.
- Neuropharmacology103 (2016): 16, Cannabidiol Induces Rapid-Acting Antidepressant-like Effects and Enhances Cortical 5-HT/Glutamate Neurotransmission: Role of 5-HTIA Receptors. Authors: R. Linge, L. Jimenez-Sanchez, L. Campa, F. Pilar-Cuellar, R. Vidal, A. Pazos, A. Adell Diaz.
- CNS Neurol Disorders—Drug Targets13 No. 6 (2014): 953-960, Antidepressant-like and Anxiolytic-like Effects of Cannabidiol: a Chemical Compound of Cannabis sativa. Authors: A.R. de Mello Schier, N.P. de Oliveria Riberio, D.S. Coutinho, S. Machado, et al.
- British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 75 No. 2(May 25, 2012): 323-333,Cannabidiol for Neurogenerative Disorders: Important New Clinical Applications for this Phytocannabinoid? Authors: J. Fernandez-Ruiz, O. Sagredo, M.R. Pazos, C. Garcia, R. Pertwee, R. Mechoulam, J. Martinez-Orgado.
Can I take CBD with my prescription medication?
What will I notice when I take CBD hemp oil?
That depends on several factors including the amount used, frequency and length of use, as well as your body’s metabolism, weight and health status. More isn't always better. We recommend you start with a small amount and adjust as needed to find your sweet spot. We also recommend chatting with your healthcare provider if you have any questions about how CBD hemp oil may be working for you.
Will I get "high" from CBD Hemp Oil?
You can’t get high from taking CBD hemp oil. It’s made from legal hemp, which contains 0.3% or less THC, the compound that causes the "high" people get from marijuana. It’s true that hemp and marijuana both come from the same plant family, Cannabis sativa L, but they are different plants with some big differences. Hemp has significant amounts of CBD, but contains only trace amounts of THC (0.3% or less). It's kind of like lemons and oranges: they're both in the citrus family, and they have some similarities, but they're different plants.
How long does it take for CBD to take effect?
When is the optimum time to take CBD hemp oil?
What are the side effects of CBD?
CBD is generally well tolerated and considered safe. However, there have been a few side effects, such as diarrhea, fatigue and changes in appetite, reported in clinical studies.*
We're also beginning to learn CBD interacts with some medications, similar to how grapefruit interacts with some medications.
Remember, everyone is different and it’s always a good idea to discuss your concern for any possible side effects or interactions with your healthcare professional.
Can CBD/cannabis cause allergic reactions?
My friend said she felt nauseous after taking CBD. Is this normal?
Can I give CBD oil to my pet?
What is the First Pass Effect?
What is emulsified CBD hemp oil?
CBD oil that has been emulsified has been mixed with water so that it has a creamy texture, as opposed to a regular oil texture. Barlean’s uses a patented process to pre-emulsify our Seriously Delicious CBD Hemp Oil. This turns it into a creamy, delicious treat, but it’s about way more than taste. Pre-emulsifying the oil takes the burden off your body and allows you to more quickly and efficiently absorb the CBD and other nutrients into your bloodstream.
Learn more about Seriously Delicious CBD here.
Learn more about emulsification by watching our fun, 15-minute video here.
What is TPGS?
TPGS is a natural, water-soluble derivative of vitamin E. Our CBD More! products (coming soon) are made with a special formula that contains TPGS and when the softgels or drops are mixed with water (either in a drink or in your stomach), the TPGS activates and emulsifies the oils for you, allowing for better, faster absorption.
What is the sublingual method of taking CBD?
Taking CBD sublingually is just a fancy way to say putting it under your tongue. If a non-emulsified CBD oil is held under the tongue long enough, the mucus membranes in the mouth can absorb a higher percentage of the nutrients than if you'd just swallowed it. This is because taking a nutritional oil sublingually (under the tongue) allows the nutrients to completely bypass the digestive system and liver metabolism. The compounds can avoid being broken down by enzymes—and they reach the bloodstream more quickly. Ideally, you will want to hold your CBD oil under your tongue for 30-60 seconds (longer is better).
Check out this blog post to learn more about the sublingual method of taking CBD.
What is Hemp Extract?
Hemp extract is the oil extracted from hemp plants. This oil contains many terpenes and phytocannabinoids, including CBD.
Click here to learn more about hemp extract vs. CBD hemp oil.
What does "decarboxylated" mean?
Decarboxylation - or decarbing - is, through the application of heat, the chemical reaction in the fresh cannabis/hemp plant in which CBDA (raw, acidic cannabinoids) are converted into their more bioavailable form (CBD).
If you want to learn more, check out this blog post about decarboxylation.
Is CBD Hemp Oil Legal?
Though there are still some legal hurdles, the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill in December cleared up the confusion on whether or not CBD and hemp are legal.* What does this mean exactly?
- Hemp is now permanently removed from the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). It is forever deemed an agricultural commodity and is no longer mistaken for marijuana.
- By redefining hemp to include its "extracts, cannabinoids and derivatives," Congress has removed hemp products (such as CBD) from the CSA. (§ 297A)
- This means the DEA no longer has any possible claim to interfere with the interstate commerce of hemp products. (§ 10114)
- While State and Tribal governments may impose separate restrictions or requirements on hemp or hemp products, they can't interfere with the interstate transport. (§ 10114)
- Hemp farmers may now finally access needed crop insurance (Title XI) and fully participate in the USDA programs for certification and competitive grants. This is a huge win for farmers.
- The FDA continues to exercise jurisdiction over the regulation of ingestible and topical hemp products.
CBD derived from hemp is no longer considered illegal by the DEA as long as it contains less than 0.3% THC. However, CBD derived from marijuana is still not legal on the federal level, nor are CBD products containing more than 0.3% THC.
Will CBD oil show up on a drug test?
What is the Hemp Farming Bill of 2018?
Not to be confused with the 2014 Farm Bill, the Hemp Farming Bill of 2018 was introduced on the federal level by Senator Mitch McConnell in April and is being referred to as the Dream Bill by hemp advocates. The key reason for this is the bill will legalize hemp – not just stalk and seeds but ALL parts of the cannabis sativa L plant with a concentration of not more than 0.3% THC – on the federal level.
The bill specifically de-schedules all derivatives, extracts, cannabinoids, and seeds of hemp as long as those portions remain below 0.3% THC, which will clear up the confusing grey area we currently navigating with respect to the DEA. Provisions from this bill have also been added to the 2018 Farm Bill, which passed in December 2018.
I thought the 2014 Farm Bill (7606) already legalized CBD?
Is it legal to ship across state lines?
With the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill, the DEA no longer has claim to interfere with the interstate commerce of hemp products.
And while State and Tribal governments may impose separate restrictions or requirements on hemp or hemp products, they can't interfere with the interstate transport. (§ 10114)
Would you like a quick hemp history lesson?
Hemp has been cultivated by humans for over 10,000 years and is grown in many parts of the world, including North America today. Hemp plants produce nutritious seeds that are high in protein and have many uses, such as being pressed into a healthy culinary oil. These seeds are also used to make hemp milk, an alternative to dairy milk. Hemp stalks are used for paper and textiles and can supply the base for green building materials and alternative fuel.
Hemp is an earth-friendly plant that gives nutrients back to the soil it is planted in, grows densely so herbicide is not needed, and is the perfect rotation crop. In addition, the crop grows rapidly and is ready for harvest in just a few months, making it highly sustainable and renewable.
Watch our Brief History of Hemp video.
Are there terpenes added to your oil?
Our Organic Ideal CBD does have some very beneficial terpene sources added to the formula: extracts of clove, hops and black pepper. These are found on the label in the ingredients list. Terpenes are aromatic plant compounds that can influence our bodies using the aromatic compounds. For example, the terpene called Linalol is what makes Lavender Oil have a relaxing effect on us. The terpenes added to our Organic CBD Oil formula include a very important terpene called Beta-caryophyllene which binds to CB2 receptors throughout the body.
Watch our free video about terpenes.
Is your hemp oil Vegan/Vegetarian/Non-GMO/Solvent Free?
Our Ideal CBD products in tincture form are Vegan/Vegetarian. The softgels are not.
Both flavors of our Seriously Delicious CBD are vegan.
All products are Non-GMO and are currently under submission to be verified by the Non-GMO Project, however, one product is certified organic which also certifies that it is non-GMO.
Organic Ideal CBD is solvent free.
Our Seriously Delicious CBD and our our non-organic Ideal CBD tinctures and softgels use a food grade, Kosher alcohol as a solvent in the extraction process. Ethanol/alcohol is the most historically used method for cannabis/hemp extracts. It is third-party lab tested and a clean extraction method that allows for optimal retention of terpenes and other sensitive compounds.
Do your CBD products contain THC?
All of our CBD hemp oil products are full spectrum - which means they contain the full spectrum of beneficial compounds present naturally in the hemp plant. These include terpenes, antioxidants, nutrients and a wide range of cannabinoids, including THC. However, as with all federally legal CBD products, our CBD hemp oils only contain 0.3% or less THC, which is not nearly enough to make anyone feel "high." This "full spectrum" of cannabinoids (including the minimal amount of naturally-occurring THC) provide a greater effect than CBD alone as all the cannabinoids work together, as nature intended, in what is known as the entourage effect.
What extraction method do you use?
Our products are extracted using two different methods: CO2 for our Organic Ideal CBD hemp oil and organic food grade, Kosher alcohol for our Extra Strength Ideal CBD hemp oil. Our ethanol comes from organic sugar cane, not corn.
While CO2 extraction retains fewer of the terpenes found in hemp, the cloves, hops and black pepper used in this product provide additional terpenes.
Ethanol (alcohol) is the most historically used method for cannabis/hemp extracts. It is a clean extraction method that allows for optimal retention of terpenes and other sensitive compounds.
If you want to learn more about CBD extraction methods, check out this blog post.
Are your CBD products third party laboratory tested?
All Barlean's CBD hemp oils are third party tested for heavy metals, toxins, cannabinoid levels (including CBD and THC) and other results. We make it easy to get lot-specific test results, directly from our website, for every bottle of CBD hemp oil we sell. Use the QR code on our labels and boxes, or visit Barleans.com/LookItUp to see what's in your bottle of Barlean's CBD Hemp Oil. With our online tool, it's easy to check before you buy.
To learn more about third party laboratory testing results, check out this blog post.
Where can I find the lab test results for my product?
What carrier oil do you use in your CBD products?
We use organic hempseed oil in our Organic Ideal CBD tincture and MCT oil in our other Ideal CBD tinctures and softgels - as well as in our Seriously Delicious CBD. We use a blend of MCT oil and TPGS Vitamin E in our CBD More! products and in our CBD for Dogs we use a blend of MCT, TPGS Vitamin E and high oleic sunflower oil. These are all ideal carrier oils for CBD as they assist in releasing the CBD into the system quickly.
To learn more about CBD carrier oils, check out this blog post.
Do you ship direct?
Do you ship internationally?
I need to report an issue, how do I do this?
Do you offer any discounts?
How do you give back?
At Barlean’s we’re on a mission to create prosperity for people around the world in a variety of meaningful ways. Which is why, since 2013, a significant portion of our corporate profits go straight to empowering children and families around the world to live healtheir, safer and happier lives. As a result, we have come to view our products in a new light. They have become more than nutritional supplements...they are now our primary vehicle for realizing our purpose of paving a Pathway to a Better Life for those most in need – both in our local area and throughout the world.
I want to learn more. Can you direct me to some other reputable educational websites?
Here you go!
- https://www.nih.gov/ is the NIH
- https://www.webmd.com/ is WebMD
- https://www.medscape.com/ is Medscape (may require healthcare credentials)
- https://www.csupueblo.edu/institute-of-cannabis-research/index.html Colorado State University, Institute of Cannabis Research (ICR)
Last updated 12/18/19
Looking for third party testing results?
Smart you! It's important to know what's in the CBD you're buying. All Barlean's CBD hemp oils are third party tested for heavy metals, toxins, cannabinoid levels (including CBD and THC) and other results. We make it easy to get lot-specific test results, directly from our website, for every bottle of CBD hemp oil we sell. Use the QR code on our labels and boxes, or visit Barleans.com/LookItUp to see what's in your bottle of Barlean's CBD Hemp Oil. Or just click below to go right to the page. With our online tool, it's easy to check before you buy.